Primary Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Infancy With Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection: A Case Report

Elie Choueiry, Carla El Haber, Sandy Diab, Paul Henry Torbey, Bernard Gerbaka


A worldwide re-emergence of tuberculosis in infants has been observed during the last decade. Endothoracic tuberculosis predominates. However, few studies of infants with tuberculosis appear in the recent literature. As early diagnosis and treatment appear to prevent complications and reduce mortality, pediatricians should be alert for tuberculosis in infants with an atypical picture suggestive of infection. We report a 5-month-old Lebanese female infant, living in Abidjan, who presented first with non-productive cough treated as pneumonia without clinical improvement, and diagnosed later on as primary tuberculosis. This case highlights the rare presentation of tuberculosis in infancy and the co-infection of respiratory syncytial virus. We describe the features, clinical diagnosis, and management of this case.

Int J Clin Pediatr. 2016;5(3-4):54-55


Tuberculosis; Infant; Respiratory syncytial virus; BCG

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International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics, quarterly, ISSN 1927-1255 (print), 1927-1263 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
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