Non-Infectious Parotitis in Infants with Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: A Case Series

Jotishna Sharma, Charisse Lachica, Winston Manimtim


We report four former extremely premature infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) who had tracheostomy for prolonged mechanical ventilation and presented with non-infectious parotitis while still in the neonatal intensive care unit. A retrospective chart review of patients with BPD who developed parotitis was conducted over a 5-year period at a level IV neonatal intensive care unit with a BPD home ventilator program. During this 5-year period, there were 409 patients with BPD, and 48 (11.7%) of these patients had a tracheostomy (severe BPD). Four patients with severe BPD with tracheostomy and on mechanical ventilation developed non-infectious parotitis. All four patients initially underwent an infectious work-up, which were negative. Non-infectious parotitis can complicate the clinical course of tracheostomized and ventilator-dependent infants with severe BPD. Awareness of this condition in infants with chronic illness will prevent unnecessary investigations since the clinical course is self-limited.

Int J Clin Pediatr. 2018;7(3):36-38


Parotitis; Infants; Bronchopulmonary dysplaisa; Case series

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International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics, quarterly, ISSN 1927-1255 (print), 1927-1263 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
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