Pediatric Conditions Encountered by Medical Students

Stephen Sze Shing Teo, Suganya Vignakaran, Patrick Patradoon-Ho, John Whitehall, Timothy McCrossin, Andrew Dominic McDonald, Jenny McDonald


Background: It is challenging to design a pediatric curriculum for medical students with their varying clinical experiences. We sought to describe the patterns of conditions the undergraduate students were exposed to in our peripheral pediatric settings of an Australian medical school.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional observational anonymized survey of pediatric students, covering 29 presenting conditions encountered over 2018 - 2019. An encounter was defined as one in which the student either took a history with or without performing a physical examination or observed a clinician doing so.

Results: Of 239 surveys, 70 (29%) were returned completed. All these students reported seeing a child with fever and a child with breathing difficulties; over 90% saw a child with vomiting and/or diarrhea, or a rash, or a premature neonate. Over 80% saw a child with obesity, a heart murmur, irritability, abnormal development or behavior, failure to thrive or a neonate with respiratory distress. A child protection encounter was reported by 67%. Fewer than 30% saw a child with an abdominal or groin mass, or an ingestion. Three students reported seeing all conditions.

Conclusions: The clinical experiences generally matched the pattern of pediatric pathology in our peripheral settings. However, exposure to all the key conditions seems unrealistic for most students. It is likely that less common presentations such will not be seen by most pediatric students. Academics need effective teaching strategies to optimize learning of these important yet uncommon conditions.

Int J Clin Pediatr. 2022;11(3):85-91


Pediatric; Student; Peripheral; Learning; Teaching; Encounter

Full Text: HTML PDF Suppl1

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics






International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics, quarterly, ISSN 1927-1255 (print), 1927-1263 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (
COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.